Technical Proceedings of the 2007 Clean Technology Conference and Trade Show

Clean Technology 2007

Chapter 4: Enviroment, Health and Society

C. Iuga and A. Vivier-Bunge
Universidad Autónoma Metropolitana, MX
134 - 139
aerosols, atmosphere, mineral dust, silicates, cluster models, phyllosilicates, OH radical, radical reactions, reaction mechanism, reactive site, siloxane bridge, formaldehyde
Heterogeneous reactions of atmospheric gases on aerosol particles may play an important role in atmospheric chemistry. However, the kinetics and mechanisms of adsorption and reaction of atmospheric gases on aerosol surfaces are not well understood. Clay particles are present in mineral dust in atmospheric aerosols, and radical reactions are thought to be heterogeneously catalyzed on them. In this work, quantum chemical methods are used to study the reaction of OH radicals with formaldehyde adsorbed on small (SiO4)n cluster models. We show that surface adsorbed formaldehyde can react in the presence of gas phase OH radicals to yield surface-bound formyl radicals and water. With the models employed, the reaction appears to be more favored on the silicate surfaces than in the gas phase. The effect of the model surface on the reaction mechanism is analyzed.
Theoretical Study of the Reaction between OH Radicals and Formaldehyde adsorbed on Small Silica Clusters